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Mart Stam, born in 1899 in Purmerend (Holland), was one of the most important contemporary architects and a pioneer in the design of modern furniture. In 1927 he made an exceptional contribution to the architecture of the Weißenhof residential complex in Stuttgart and experimented as an architect with tubular steel. In 1928 and 1929 he worked as an architect in Frankfurt am Main and as a collaborating professor at the Bauhaus in Dessau. In this institution he taught the basic principles of construction and urban planning. From 1930 to 1934 Mart Stam worked in Russia as well as other countries, then continued his work as an architect in Amsterdam. In 1939 he was appointed director of the School of Arts and Crafts in Amsterdam. In 1950 he was appointed director of the Kunsthochschule Berlin-Weißensee.
He returned to Amsterdam in 1953 and settled in Switzerland in 1977, where he died in Goldbach on February 23, 1986.
When Mart Stam presented his innovative chair without hind legs to the public in 1927 in the Weißenhof settlement of Stuttgart, based on his experiments with gas pipes in 1925, he revolutionized the modern design of furniture. At that time Stam had not yet decided on the flexible effect of the cold-curved steel tube, but on the simple form, which fitted perfectly into the modern buildings of the time. The S43, a variant of this model, was introduced in 1931. It combined straight lines and an aesthetically strict construction with the advantage of greater comfort in the seating area: the comfortable and pleasant vibration effect, which allowed the use of more elaborate upholstery , transmits the sensation of "sitting in the air".